Dr. Wittenborn treats all types of skin lesions. This includes benign non-cancerous skin lesions as well as precancerous and known skin cancers. Many precancerous lesions as well as skin cancers are caused by sun exposure. It is thought that sun burns during your childhood change the skin cells at the level of their DNA. Once the cells have been changed or initiated, repeated sun exposure then promotes the development of the skin cancers. The body has an ability to fight off skin cancers through its immune system. As people age their immune sytems work less efficiently and older people develop more skin cancers. The use of a sun block that protects against both UVA and UVB rays is important at any age to help prevent the development of skin cancers. The argument that the damage has already occured is not valid here, and everyone benefits from protection
Basal Cell Cancer
This is a very common type of skin cancer
Very slow growing
Little risk of spreading
Treatment consists mainly of surgical excision or freezing
Caused by sun exposure
Red scaling patches that come and go. Never completely go away. Have 15% chance of developing into a squamous cell cancer. Treated with Efudex, Photodynamic therapy, curretage.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma in-situ.
Progression of an actinic keratosis. Early cancer that has not invaded deeper into the skin layers. Treated with curretage, surgical excision if persist or recurrent Squamous Cell Cancer. Caused by sun exposure. Can spread if left untreated. Usually need surgical excision with normal margin of tissue.
These are moles that have changed. This can be the beginning of a mole turning into a skin cancer. The changes that are seen are usually a mole which has darkened or has variable color. These should be removed and sent for pathologic evaluation.
Melanoma In situ
This is an early melanoma, and can be the progression of a dysplastic nevus. These need to be removed surgically with a normal surrounding tissue margin usually 0.5 - 1 cm. Surgical excision is usually all that is necessary
This is an aggressive skin cancer that needs aggressive prompt treament. Melanoma is graded on its depth into the skin. This gives information about how aggressive it may be. Melanoma can spread to lymph glands, or to any other part of the body. The deeper the melanoma, the more likely it has spread. Surgical excision of melanoma is the mainstay of treatment with tissue margins around the area from 1cm -3 cm depending on the depth. Radiation is usually only used for palliative care in advanced cases. Immunotherapy has been under investigation for many years, and is used in clinical trials.For more information please go to: A href="http://www.cancer.gov/"